Historie Podcasts

George Allison

George Allison

George Allison blev født i Darlington i 1883. Efter at have forladt skolen blev han lokal journalist. I 1905 flyttede han til London. Han blev fan af Woolwich Arsenal og gik med til at blive klubbens programredaktør.

Allison blev rekrutteret af BBC som radiojournalist. I januar 1927 udsendte BBC sin første kommentar til en professionel fodboldkamp. Senere samme år udsendte BBC FA Cup -finalen. Allison blev BBCs vigtigste fodboldkommentator, og i 1931 udsendte BBC over 100 kampe pr. Sæson. På dette tidspunkt ejede kun omkring 30% af husstandene radioer.

For at hjælpe lytteren med at forstå, hvad der foregik, blev der i Radio Times offentliggjort et diagram, der viste en fodboldbane opdelt i nummererede firkanter. I løbet af spillet ville Allisons assistent kalde nummeret på den firkant, hvor bolden opholdt sig.

Den store depression resulterede i et fald i fremmødet ved fodboldkampe. Nogle klubformand beskyldte delvist radiodækningen for denne situation, og i juni 1931 forbød Football League alle udsendelser af sit inventar. Dette forbud skulle fortsætte indtil efter Anden Verdenskrig.

Fodboldforbundet delte ikke disse negative synspunkter om radio, og i løbet af 1930'erne blev hver FA Cup -finale sendt af BBC.

Allison fortsatte med at arbejde for Arsenal, og efter at have fungeret som klubsekretær blev han udnævnt til klubbens administrerende direktør. På det tidspunkt var Herbert Chapman manager for klubben.

I sæsonen 1925-26 sluttede Arsenal på andenpladsen til Chapmans gamle klub, Huddersfield Town. Topscorer var Jimmy Brain, der etablerede en ny klubrekord med 33 mål. Charlie Buchan scorede 21 mål i den sæson, hvilket bragte det beløb, Arsenal betalte til Sunderland til 4.100 pund.

Henry Norris nægtede at lade Herbert Chapman bruge mange penge på at styrke sit hold, og i sæsonen 1926-27 sluttede Arsenal på en 11. plads.

Herbert Chapman tilpassede gradvist "WM" -formationen, der oprindeligt var blevet foreslået af Charlie Buchan. Chapman brugte sine backer til at markere kantspillerne (det arbejde var tidligere udført af fløjhalvdelene). Han udviklede også det, der blev kendt som kontraangrebsspil. Dette var afhængig af Alex James 'beståelsesevne og målscorer som David Jack, Jimmy Brain, Joe Hume, Cliff Bastin og Jack Lambert. Chapman opbyggede også et godt forsvar, der omfattede spillere som Bob John, Eddie Hapgood, Herbert Roberts, Alf Baker, Tom Parker og George Male.

Succesen var ikke umiddelbar, og Arsenal sluttede på en 14. plads i sæsonen 1929-30. De klarede sig meget bedre i FA Cup. Arsenal slog Birmingham City (1-0), Middlesbrough (2-0), West Ham United (3-0) og Hull City (1-0) for at nå finalen mod Chapmans gamle klub, Huddersfield Town. Arsenal vandt kampen 2-0 med mål fra Alex James og Jack Lambert.

Den følgende sæson vandt Arsenal deres første First Division -mesterskab nogensinde med rekord på 66 point. The Gunners tabte kun fire kampe den sæson. Jack Lambert var topscorer med 38 mål. Andre vigtige spillere på holdet omfattede Frank Moss, Alex James, David Jack, Cliff Bastin, Joe Hume, Eddie Hapgood, Bob John, Tom Parker, Herbert Roberts, Alf Baker og George Male.

Alex James blev skadet en stor del af sæsonen 1931-32, og dette var en vigtig faktor i, at Arsenal tabte titlen med to point til Everton. James var tilbage i sæsonen 1932-33. George Allison sagde om James: "Ingen som ham sparkede nogensinde til en bold. Han havde en uhyggelig og vidunderlig kontrol, men fordi dette var allieret med et splitsekund-tænkeapparat, lod han oppositionen bare se på sin afvigende figur med forbløffelse. . "

Arsenal vandt First Division med fire point i den sæson. Cliff Bastin, holdets venstrefløj, var topscorer med 33 mål. Joe Hume, højrefløjen, scorede 20 mål. Dette illustrerer effektiviteten af ​​Chapmans strategi mod angreb.

Den 1. januar 1934 gik Herbert Chapman for at se Notts County spille Bury, da han var interesseret i en af ​​deres unge spillere. Den følgende dag deltog han i kampen mellem Sheffield Wednesday og Birmingham City. Onsdag var gæsterne på Highbury den følgende lørdag, og Chapman betragtede dem som Arsenals største rivaler til ligamesterskabet. Han udviklede en forkølelse, men insisterede på at se Arsenals tredje hold spille onsdag. Den følgende dag blev han tvunget til at tage sig til sin seng og døde af lungebetændelse lørdag morgen.

George Allison blev udnævnt til ny manager. Allison var en radiojournalist, der også var klubbens administrerende direktør. Han havde dog ingen erfaring med fodboldledelse. På tidspunktet for Chapmans død var Arsenal øverst på tabellen, og Tom Whittaker og Joe Shaw fik lov til at køre holdet indtil slutningen af ​​sæsonen.

Bob Wall hævdede, at "Allison var en fuldstændig kontrast til Chapman ... Han påstod aldrig at have en dyb teoretisk viden om spillet, men han lyttede nøje til, hvad folk som Tom Whittaker og Alex James havde at sige. Som Chapman før ham, Allison insisterede altid på, at uanset hvor god en potentiel underskrift måtte være, ville han kun sikre ham, hvis hans karakter var uden bebrejdelse. "

Sunderland var deres største udfordrere til Arsenal i sæsonen 1933-34 takket være en fremadrettet linje, der omfattede Raich Carter, Patsy Gallacher, Bob Gurney og Jimmy Connor. I marts 1934 gik Sunderland et point foran. Gunners havde dog kampe i hånden, og de fik ligatitlen med en 2-0-sejr over Everton. Et af målene blev scoret af målmand Frank Moss, der led en forvredet skulder og blev tvunget til at spille på venstrefløjen i resten af ​​kampen.

I marts 1934 betalte George Allison 6.500 pund for Ted Drake, der havde scoret mange mål for Southampton i anden division. Herbert Chapman havde forsøgt at købe ham det foregående år, men hans tilbud var blevet afvist. Allison købte også Jack Cranston for 5.250 pund i maj 1934.

En anden vigtig underskrift var Wilf Copping. I juni 1934 betalte George Allison 8.000 pund for den engelske landskamp. Som en historiker har påpeget: "Wilf Copping var den originale hårde mand i engelsk fodbold ... med sin boksers næse og bygning, hans ubarberede udseende på kampdage og knoglerystelser og tacklinger, som var hans varemærke. Copping, til venstre halvdelen, var tilbøjelig til at afhjælpe oppositionen med kun en fast stirring fra sit skæve ansigt. "

Ted Drake scorede 42 mål i 41 kampe i sæsonen 1934-35. Dette omfattede tre hat-tricks mod Liverpool, Tottenham Hotspur og Leicester City og fire, firemåls træk, mod Birmingham City, Chelsea, Wolves og Middlesbrough. Disse mål hjalp Arsenal med at vinde ligamesterskabet. Jeff Harris, forfatteren til Arsenal Hvem er hvem hævder, at "Drakes hovedattributter var hans kraftfulde bragende løb, hans store styrke kombineret med fantastisk fart og et kraftigt skud. Ted Drake var også strålende i luften, men frem for alt så utroligt frygtløs."

Ted Drake havde en særlig god kamp mod Aston Villa den 14. december 1935. Han led af en knæskade, men George Allison besluttede at risikere ham. Ved halvleg havde han scoret et hattrick. Drake scorede yderligere tre i de første 15 minutter af anden halvleg. Drake ramte derefter baren, og da han fortalte dommeren, at den var overskredet grænsen, svarede han: "Vær ikke grådig, er ikke seks nok". I sidste minut konverterede han et indlæg fra Cliff Bastin. Syv mål i en udekamp var en fantastisk præstation.

En alvorlig knæskade, der havde brug for en bruskoperation, satte imidlertid Ted Drake ude af funktion i ti uger. Arsenal savnede sine mål og sluttede kun på en 6. plads bag Sunderland. Arsenal klarede sig meget bedre i FA Cup den sæson. Arsenal slog Liverpool (2-0), Newcastle United (3-0), Barnsley (4-1) og Grimsby Town (1-0) for at nå finalen mod Sheffield United. Drake, der ikke var helt i top, scorede kampens eneste mål.

Nogle af Arsenals nøglespillere som Alex James, Cliff Bastin, Joe Hume, Bob John og Herbert Roberts var forbi deres bedste. Ted Drake og Ray Bowden fortsatte med at lide af skader, mens Frank Moss blev tvunget til at trække sig tilbage fra spillet. I betragtning af disse problemer gjorde Arsenal det godt at slutte på en 3. plads i sæsonen 1936-37.

Inden starten af ​​sæsonen 1937-38 Herbert Roberts, Bob John og Alex James trak sig tilbage fra fodbold. Joe Hume var ude med en langvarig rygskade, og Ray Bowden blev solgt til Newcastle United. En ny gruppe yngre spillere som Bernard Joy, Alf Kirchen og Leslie Compton blev dog faste i siden. George Hunt blev også købt fra Tottenham Hotspur for at dække Ted Drake, der stadig led af en knæskade. Cliff Bastin og George Male var nu de eneste overlevende fra holdet, der blev administreret af Herbert Chapman.

Wolves forventedes at være Arsenals største rivaler i sæsonen 1937-38. Det var dog Brentford, der førte tabellen i februar. De slog også Arsenal den 18. april, et spil, hvor Ted Drake brækkede sit håndled og fik et hårdt hovedskade. Det var dog de eneste to point, de vandt i løbet af en otte kampperiode og gradvist faldt ud af striden.

På sæsonens sidste dag var Wolves væk til Sunderland. Hvis Wolves vandt kampen, ville de være mestre, men de spillede uafgjort 1-1. Arsenal slog Bolton Wanderers på Highbury og vandt deres femte titel på otte år. Som et resultat af hans mange skader spillede Ted Drake kun i 28 kampe, men han endte stadig med klubbens topscorer med 17 mål.

George Allison var klar over, at Arsenal aldrig havde været i stand til at erstatte den pensionerede Alex James og derfor manglede kreativitet på midtbanen. I august 1938 besluttede Allison at købe Bryn Jones of Wolves til et verdensrekordgebyr på £ 14.000 (£ 6,9 millioner i dagens penge). Politikerne var rasende over de penge, der blev brugt på Jones, og emnet blev debatteret i Underhuset.

Bryn Jones scorede på sin debut mod Portsmouth. Han fandt også nettet i to af sine næste tre kampe. Målene tørrede dog op, og han skulle kun få et mere inden sæsonens afslutning. Efter at Arsenal blev slået hjemme 2-1 af Derby County, skrev kampreporter fra Derby Evening Telegraph: "Arsenal har et stort problem. At bruge 14.000 pund på Bryn Jones har ikke bragt den nødvendige kraft ind i angrebet. Den lille walisiske indeni -venstre lider tydeligvis af for meget omtale og er naturligvis bekymret. Han er en nippy og ganske nyttig inde i venstre, men hans begrænsninger er markante. "

I sin første sæson scorede Bryn Jones fire mål i 30 ligakampe. Det år blev Arsenal nummer fem i ligaen, otte point efter Wolves, der syntes at klare sig meget godt uden Jones. Som Jeff Harris påpegede i Arsenal Hvem er hvem (1995): "At lægge skylden på Bryn Jones for klubbens mangel på succes den sæson var uretfærdig, for i en nøddeskal kunne den stille, beskedne, selvunddragende, ensomme figur ikke klare det intense pres fra mediernes søgelys, selvom hans gode positionsbevidsthed og fremragende boldkontrol var der for alle at se. "

George Allison hævdede, at Bryn Jones havde brug for mere tid til at slå sig ned på holdet. Cliff Bastin var uenig, og i sin selvbiografi kommenterede han: "Jeg troede på det tidspunkt, at dette var en dårlig transfer, og efterfølgende begivenheder ændrede ikke noget i mine synspunkter. Jeg havde spillet mod Bryn i klub- og landskampe og havde rig mulighed for at størrelse ham op . "

Bernard Joy skrev senere: "Skriver vi Bryn Jones ned som et spil, der mislykkedes, eller ville han have været en succes i sidste ende? Krigens udbrud i september 1939 forhindrede os i nogensinde at finde det komplette svar. Der var tegn før da, som James havde gjort, var han ved at forvitre den dårlige patch, som altid ser ud til at følge en stilændring fra et angreb til en fouragerende indad-fremad ... Min egen opfattelse er imidlertid, at Jones beskedenhed var barrieren for at opnå nøglerollen Arsenal havde tiltænkt ham. Han kunne ikke betragte rampelyset som en udfordring for at producere sit bedste; det irriterede ham hele tiden, hvilket gjorde ham selvbevidst og urolig. ”

Ved udbruddet af Anden Verdenskrig blev Football League suspenderet. Da konkurrencen genstartede efter konflikten, havde næsten alle Arsenals 1930'er -stjerner trukket sig tilbage fra spillet. Allison trak sig tilbage i slutningen af ​​sæsonen 1946-47, efter at Arsenal sluttede på en skuffende 13. plads.

George Allison døde den 13. marts 1957.


HistoryLink.org

George H. "Mike" Allison, MD, en psykiater i Seattle, der specialiserede sig i psykoanalyse, var medlem af den oprindelige Northwest Clinic of Psychiatry and Neurology med Douglass Orr, MD (1905-1990), Edith Buxbaum (1902-1980) og Edward Heodemaker (1904-1969). Senere hjalp han med at grundlægge Blakeley Psychiatric Group i det nordøstlige Seattle. Han var en af ​​de første læger, der arbejdede på Pinel Foundation Psychiatric Hospital (1948-1958), og en af ​​en halv snes psykoanalytiske pionerer, der hjalp med at bygge Seattle Psychoanalytic Society and Institute, som i 1964 blev medlem af American Psychoanalytic Forening. Han var medlem af American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, American Board of Medical Specialties og Washington Association of Mental Health, blandt andre medicinske foreninger. Han fungerede som formand for Seattle Psychoanalytic group i midten af ​​1970'erne, mens han også deltog i aktiviteterne i American Psychoanalytic Association. Han fungerede som foreningspræsident fra 1990 til 1992 og hjalp med at nedbryde de barrierer, der nægtede homoseksuelle og ikke-medicinske analytikere fuld adgang til medlemskab. Alt imens hjalp han med at holde det psykoanalytiske samfund i Seattle sammen, da det overværede stormene fra to konkurser som følge af retssager fra en psykoterapistuderende.

Familieliv

George Howard Allison blev født den 24. maj 1921 af Robert (1883-1957) og Evelyn Offerman Allison (1888-?) Fra Yonkers, New York. Han havde fire ældre søskende, Dorothy P. (1911-?), Robert C. (1912-?), Evelyn V. (1914-?) Og Jean Marion (1918-?). Allison tog eksamen fra University of Rochester i 1942 og fra Yale Medical School i 1945. Et år tidligere havde han giftet sig med Nancy Hart.

George Allison og Nancy Hart Allison havde fire børn sammen. Søn Thomas (1946-2012) blev født på Camp Shoemaker Naval Hospital, Californien, den 7. april 1946 datteren Janet, sønnen Anthony P. Allison (Tony) og Nick fulgte. Parret blev skilt i 1964. Tre år senere, i 1967, giftede Allison sig med Joan Benefiel, en advokat i Seattle og en familieretsdommer. De havde en søn, Michael, født i 1968. Allison var også stedfar til Joans døtre. Parret var gift i 48 år, indtil Allisons død.

Efter medicinsk skole

Da Allison havde afsluttet medicinstudiet og sin militære pligt, havde han besluttet at specialisere sig i psykoanalyse, et studieretning, der i stigende grad - siden første verdenskrig - blev brugt af militæret til at studere psykiatriske forhold for servicepersonale. Han havde tjent på Californiens Camp Shoemaker Naval Hospital og havde behandlet tilbagevendende veteraner fra Anden Verdenskrig. Dette "stimulerede hans interesse for problemer med følelsesmæssigt traume." (Det Seattle Gange, Nekrolog).

I 1946 var Allison en af ​​225 psykiatere, der arbejdede sammen med National Research Council's Committee on Veterans Medical Problems for at undersøge forholdet mellem militærtjeneste og "psykiske sammenbrud". I denne periode læste han Freuds skrifter og var overbevist om, at psykoanalysen indeholdt nøglen til at låse op for konflikter i psyken. Allison genindtrådte i flåden under Koreakrigen og tjente som psykiater på Camp Pendleton Naval Hospital i Oceanside, Californien.

Menninger -klinikken

Menninger Clinic i Topeka, Kansas, tilbød Allison et stipendium i psykiatri. Dette var en blommestilling, da Menninger -klinikken var berømt for at have infunderet psykoanalytisk teori i sin psykiatriske praksis og vision. Her arbejdede Allison med psykiatere, der til sidst ville bosætte sig i Seattle, herunder Douglass Orr, MD, far til Seattle psykoanalyse. Orr fokuserede ligesom Allison en god del af sin lægepraksis på undersøgelsen af ​​krigsneuroser.

I en tale til Seattle Psychoanalytic Society og Institute -afgangsklassen i 2009 om sin kærlighed til psykoanalyse fortalte Allison publikum:

Flytter til Seattle

I 1948, efter endt ophold, flyttede Allison og hans unge familie - Nancy og børnene - fra Kansas til Seattle. Allison sluttede sig til Douglass Orr og Edith Buxbaum i deres gruppepraksis på Northwest Clinic. En af hans første opgaver var at hjælpe personale og håndtere patienter på det nyoprettede Pinel Foundation Psychiatric Hospital, der opererede fra 1948 til 1958 på 2318 Ballinger Way i Lake Forest Park, der ligger i den nordlige ende af Lake Washington.

Imens fortsatte hans egen psykoanalytiske uddannelse. Dette omfattede en personlig og uddannelsesanalyse, hvoraf mindst en var nødvendig for accept i American Psychoanalytic Association. Fra cirka 1949 til 1951 indgik Allison i en analyse med sin mentor og kollega, Douglass Orr. Mindre end et årti senere ville han tage en anden analyse med Edith Buxbaum, også en mentor og kollega. På nogle måder forklarede Allison denne forfatter i et interview fra 1994, analysen med Orr repræsenterede en faderlig overførsel, mens analysen med Buxbaum repræsenterede en moderlig overførsel. (Overførsel er omdirigering af følelser, der normalt føles i barndommen, mod en erstatning, såsom analytikeren.)

Dette var en vanskelig situation for alle involverede, da klassiske analytikere mener, at den bedste analyse er en, hvor analytiker og analysand har ringe eller ingen kontakt udefra med hinanden. Alt, hvad der sker mellem dem, skal finde sted inden for rammerne af den 50-minutters time og i rammerne af det terapeutiske miljø-terapirummet. Hvad der sker uden for dette miljø, kan tænkes at påvirke, hvad der foregår mellem de to parter - analytiker og analysand - i den næste time af behandlingen eller i følgende sessioner. Analysands må gerne diskutere intense følelser, der kan vedrøre mennesker i deres familier, arbejdspladser, uddannelsesmiljøer eller underholdningsmiljøer. Analytiker og analysand skal leve i et "rent" miljø, uden at andres øjne påvirker den kreative proces, der finder sted inden for rammerne af de 50 minutter. Dette er naturligvis i teorien. I virkeligheden er det svært at overholde så strenge regler. Især i det tidlige psykoanalytiske Seattle, hvor kollegerne var hinandens studerende, analysander og analytikere.

I Seattle var dette ideal ikke muligt, da der kun var to uddannelsesanalytikere til rådighed, Orr og Buxbaum. Men den tætte situation gav anledning til større selvforståelse, sagde Allison. Han havde tilbad sin far og overført disse følelser til Orr. Da den ældste Allison døde i 1957, ville sønnen indgå i en analyse med Edith Buxbaum og kunne "bruge" hende som en morfigur som sådan, sagde Allison, at han lærte mere om sit forhold til sin mor i hendes enke.

I 1959 blev Allison medlem af American Psychoanalytic Association og var tæt involveret i denne organisation resten af ​​sit liv, hvilket bragte en tilstedeværelse i nordvest til den nationale psykoanalytiske scene. Han fungerede i eller var formand for adskillige udvalg, herunder historie og arkiver, psykoanalytisk uddannelse (to fireårige vilkår), psykoanalytisk forskning og komiteen om psykoanalytisk etik. Desuden opsøgte foreningens eksekutivråd i begyndelsen af ​​1980'erne ham for at være medlem af dets undersøgende nomineringsudvalg samt det særlige ad hoc -udvalg i Board of Professional Standards. Fra 1990 til 1992 fungerede han som dens præsident. Han elskede arbejdet, og også, som han sagde i 1994, gav arbejdet for amerikaneren ham en undskyldning for at vende tilbage til Yonkers, hans hjemby, hvor nogle af hans venner og slægtninge stadig boede.

Livet uden for arbejdet

Allison nød sport og rejser, og han havde en venlig og vidtrækkende personlighed. Fra hans nekrolog:

Siden Allison flyttede til Seattle, var han politisk, fagligt og socialt involveret i en række forskellige samfundsorganisationer og årsager. Hans taleinddragelser omfattede University Grandmothers 'Club og emner varierede fra vægtkontrol til forskellige aspekter af mental sundhed. Han var tillidsmand for Psychiatric Clinic på 411 Fairview Avenue N. Han stemte for offentlige skoleafgifter, var protektor for Seattle Symphony og fungerede i et udvalg for at finde et nyt stadionsted.

Han var medlem af Reginald Parson's Guild sammen med Douglass Orr, Edward Hoedemaker, Robert Worthington (1907-1990) og andre psykiatere i byen. (Reginal Parsons var grundlægger af Pinel Foundation Hospital). Til præsidentvalget i 1964 hjalp Allison med at organisere Washington State Scientists, Engineers and Physicians til Lyndon Johnson/Hubert Humphrey -billetten. I 2008, sammen med tusindvis af læger i hele landet, var Allison tilknyttet Doctors for Obama '08 ved at støtte Obama Health Care Plan.

Til forsvar for Freud

Siden begyndelsen af ​​psykoanalysen i slutningen af ​​det nittende århundrede har både fagfolk og ikke-fagfolk kastet dart mod Freud uden tvivl, at Freud-krigene vil fortsætte. Ikke desto mindre var Allison en fast troende på Freud. I 1993, da han netop havde afsluttet sin rolle som præsident for American Psychoanalytic Association, fortalte han en reporter for Tid:

Værner om en identitet

Allisons fortsatte entusiasme for psykoanalyse blev understreget i hans tale fra 2009 til kandidaterne fra Seattle Psychoanalytic Society and Institute. Han var 88 år gammel og havde været praktiserende psykiater hele sit voksne liv og det meste som analytiker. Her taler han om sin psykoanalytiske identitet:

Allison praktiserede psykoanalyse i Seattle, indtil han var 91 år gammel. Han trak sig tilbageholdende.

Skiftende tider

Men på dette tidspunkt havde den traditionelle praksis med psykoanalyse-50 minutters sessioner på sofaen fire eller fem dage om ugen-ændret sig fra begyndelsen af ​​det nittende århundrede i Wien og Berlin og endda fra begyndelsen i det tyvende århundrede i USA Stater, hvor det spredte sig fra New York til Seattle til det, nogle ville kalde en "udvandet" terapeutisk proces.

For Allison og andre tilhængere af en "ren" analyse - en der foretages fire eller fem dage om ugen, hvor analysanden/klienten/patienten ligger på en sofa i nogle gange tre, fire, fem eller flere år og forsøger at komme til hjertet af hans eller hendes livslange konflikter-teoretiske forklaringer ignorerer ofte omkostningsfaktoren. Ikke at omkostningsfaktoren er ved siden af: Analytikere er klar over, at forsikringsselskaber ikke betaler for langvarige behandlinger, og kun de klienter med robuste økonomiske midler har råd til at ligge på en sofa og tale deres problemer væk. Alternative til psykoanalytiske terapeutiske metoder såsom kognitiv adfærdsterapi (fokus på tankemønstre og adfærd) eller relationsterapi (fokus på relationer til andre) er ofte mere attraktive for klienten, fordi de er billigere end psykoanalyse og ofte betales for , i hvert fald delvist, af forsikringsselskaber. Selvom psykoanalytiske institutter ofte etablerer lavindkomstprogrammer for et begrænset antal patienter, er det endvidere svært at blive accepteret til sådanne programmer, men analytikere på seniorniveau foretrækkes at dække denne ende af den psykoanalytiske forretning og er ikke altid tilgængelige.

Allison omtaler alternative behandlingsformer som "homogeniseret psykoanalyse." Ordbøger definerer homogeniseret som "blanding i modsætning til elementer." For Allison kan der i modsætning til elementer referere til forskellige former for terapeutisk fortolkning. I et essay fra 1994 forklarer han for eksempel, at den psykoanalytiske proces "typisk kræver grundig fordybelse gennem hyppige sessioner, som muliggør større løsning af overførsel eller overførselsneurose." Han foreslår, at besøgsfrekvensen giver mulighed for "indsigt og større mulighed for autonomi." Han indrømmer, at "Andre former for terapeutisk handling også spiller ind i processen som i psykoterapi, men den fortolkende tilstand med progressiv indsigt adskiller den egentlige psykoanalyse" ("Om homogenisering af psykoanalyse og psykoanalytisk psykoterapi")

Med andre ord afhænger fortolkninger vedrørende følelsesmæssigt helbred af løsning af overførselsneurosen, det vil sige at differentiere ens mor, far, søster, bror, endda en fætter, fra terapeuter.

I et senere papir, "The Mangel på psykoanalytiske patienter: En undersøgelse af dens årsager og konsekvenser", bekymrer Allison sig over, at manglen på psykoanalytiske patienter vil påvirke, hvordan psykoanalyse vil blive undervist inden for psykoanalytiske træningsprogrammer. Hvordan vil læreplanen se ud? Hvordan vil institutionelle politikker udvikles? Han er bekymret for, at forskellen i teoretiske fortolkninger kommer på et tidspunkt, hvor den egentlige psykoanalyse er ved at miste patienter, og at forskellige former for behandlinger vil komme i konflikt med hinanden, så psykoanalysen ikke længere vil blive genkendt i sin rene form. Han nævner ikke i dette essay, at ikke alle, der når ud til en terapeut, er interesserede i at løse den såkaldte overførselsneurose eller selv tror, ​​at den eksisterer!

Allison indrømmer, at "almindelig medicinsk psykoanalyse, der dominerede feltet i USA langt ind i tiden efter Anden Verdenskrig, ofte ses at have opretholdt en stiv dogmatisk teoretisk ortodoksi i sine uddannelsesinstitutioner samt en forstyrrende eksklusiv elitær holdning mod resten af ​​den videnskabelige verden. Mange ser dette som værende selvbesejrende, "skriver han. Men" [s] ome har argumenteret for, at psykoanalysen nu oplever noget af en renæssance i samtidens kultur på grund af spredningen af ​​nye perspektiver. som mange antyder, kan mere inklusivt behandle kompleksiteten i det sociale og psykologiske liv "(" The Mangel på psykoanalytiske patienter. ").

Uden tvivl vil homogeniseringen af ​​psykoanalyse og forskellige former for psykoterapier give mulighed for mere inklusivitet end konventionelle psykoanalytiske institutter nogensinde havde drømt om. Dr. Allison ville være stolt over denne nyhed. Han var klar over den elitisme, der var forbundet med psykoanalysen, alt imens han elskede processen. De samfundsmæssige konsekvenser for ændringer inden for psykoanalysen er vidtgående: Psykoanalyse har altid omfattet en overvejende hvid gruppe af healere, hvad enten det er i Europa Topeka, Kansas Chicago eller Seattle. Lidt har ændret sig i denne henseende med hensyn til klienter eller praktikere i løbet af sine hundrede plus års udvikling.

Men i dagens 21. århundrede er den demografiske situation allerede under forandring, og farvede mennesker, især dem, der kommer inden for socialt arbejde og psykologi, vil skubbe barriererne, ligesom læganalytikere gjorde (og vandt) for et par årtier siden. Og ligesom homoseksuelle læger pressede igennem. Farvede mennesker vil også skubbe igennem disse barrierer - i Seattle og videre. Og denne forfatter mener, at George "Mike" Allison vil smile.

George Allison døde af hjertesygdomme den 19. marts 2016. Lørdag den 21. maj 2016 kl. 11 blev der holdt en mindehøjtidelighed for ham i Center for Urban Horticulture i Seattles Laurelhurst -kvarter i Seattle, der støder op til University of Washington, hvor Allison havde været klinisk professor i afdelingen for psykiatri og adfærdsvidenskab.

Seattle Office of Arts & Culture
King County

George H. "Mike" Allison, MD (1921-2016), Seattle, 1980'erne

Hilsen Michael R. Allison, MA, LMHC

George H. "Mike" Allison M.D. (1921-2016), 1930'erne

Hilsen Michael R. Allison, MA, LMHC

George H. "Mike" Allison (1921-2016), i United States Navy, 1940'erne


Hvorfor lave en serie om George Allison?

Jeg skulle starte med at afgive en tilståelse (vel ikke meget af en tilståelse, for det, jeg vil tilstå, er utvivlsomt åbenlyst, hvis du har læst mine notater igennem de sidste par år.

Det er dette: Når jeg starter en af ​​disse serier, gør jeg det ikke med artiklerne kortlagt og planlagt. Det er snarere et tilfælde af, “ Jeg spekulerer på, om der er noget ekstra at opdage om dette emne? ” – og så starter det.

Så det er vilje George Frederick Allison (24. oktober 1883 - 13. marts 1957) en af ​​vores største ledere (den opfattelse kan blive opgraderet i de kommende uger), en journalist, der havde en stor indflydelse på klubben gennem sine skrifter, BBC ’s første sportskommentator og &# 8230.

Godt prikkerne kan udfyldes i de kommende poster.

County Durham ser ud til at være en begunstiget del af landet hos os, da det var her Jack Humble kom fra, før han vandrede til Woolwich for at stifte Dial Square FC, som naturligvis ændrede sig til Royal Arsenal, Woolwich Arsenal, Arsenal og Arsenal.

George Allison kom fra Hurworth på Tees, landsby syd for Darlington. Jeg tror ikke, de har noget at minde om deres mest berømte søn, hvis de gør det, og du ved det, så send mig et foto. Ellers ender vi måske bare med at kæmpe for en statue.

George er kendt for at have spillet amatørfodbold, og (så historien går) begynder at skrive om sit hold til lokalavisen. Han havde en prøve med Shildon, en lokal ikke-ligaklub, der stadig eksisterer og spiller i Northern League.

Da han var en bedre forfatter end fodbold, tog han førstnævnte og droppede sidstnævnte og var på et tidspunkt før 1906 tilsyneladende assistent for manager for Middlesbrough FC –, men jeg kan finde meget lidt om dette.

Så her er det første spørgsmål: hvad tog George til London i 1906? Mit gæt er et ønske om at bryde ind i journalistikkens store verden. Han arbejdede for Edward Hulton, der i sidste ende startede Daily Sketch, en rival til Daily Mirror, men med konservative synspunkter. Men det var ikke for et par år, og helt hvad han gjorde for Hulton ’s forlagsgruppe igen er jeg ikke sikker på. Måske dukker det hele op med tiden.

Men det ser ud til, at han i første omgang fik freelance -arbejde og hurtigt etablerede sig som en fodboldforfatter, der var villig til at tage ud til ørkenen i det nordlige Kent for at rapportere om Woolwich Arsenal. Dette var den æra, hvor klubben var på kanten til at blive noget særligt for både i 1906 og 1907, da Woolwich Arsenal kom til semifinalen i FA Cup, og faktisk havde de i 1907 deres bedste ligaafslutning – 7. i den første division. Det siges faktisk, at Chapman skrev rapporter om kampene på Plumstead til flere forskellige aviser ved hjælp af forskellige journalistiske “-stemmer ” og forskellige skrivende nom-de-plumes.

I 1910 var tingene gået videre. Han blev greyhound racing -korrespondent for Sporting Life, og under Henry Norris ’ begyndte ejerskabet af Woolwich Arsenal at skrive Gunners ’ Mate – den førende artikel i kampdagsprogrammet.

Det rapporteres også, at han ved kroningen af ​​kong George V (en begivenhed, der ikke kunne sætte arbejderklasserne i gang med kongelig entusiasme) mødte Lord Kitchener og skrev historien til New York Post, hvilket førte til en regelmæssig ugentlig kolonne i det papir. I 1912 sluttede han sig til personalet hos William Randolph Hearst, den amerikanske politiker og avismagnat.

Jeg tror (da jeg starter min rejse ind i George Allisons liv), at dette var vigtigt. Du ved, hvis du har læst historien om Woolwich Arsenal, at George Allison i 1913 redigerede den første klubhåndbog, hvor den første officielle Arsenal FC -historie blev vist. Du ved også, at vi på dette websted har vist, at en del af denne historie (delen relateret til Arsenal ’s går over i professionalisme og den deraf følgende handling fra London FA og Kent FA, var en komplet opfindelse.

Randolph Hearst er beskrevet i bogen Upålidelige kilder som en mand, der rutinemæssigt opfandt opsigtsvækkende historier, forfalskede interviews, kørte falske billeder og forvrængede virkelige begivenheder. ” En lignende anklagelse lægges i bogen “ The Brass Check: A Study of American Journalism ” af Upton Sinclair.

Vi har ikke foreslået, at George Allison gjorde dette, men det er mest interessant at finde ham arbejde for en avisejer, der var så bredt antaget at gøre dette, at hans tilgang fik et navn: Yellow Journalism – et navn, der stammer fra en karakter i Hearst ’s Hogan ’s Alley tegneserie.

Sinclair sagde i Brass Check, at “Universal News Bureau ” ejet af Hearst omskrev nyhederne om London-aviserne og sendte det derefter ud til amerikanske eftermiddagsaviser under navnene på ikke-eksisterende “Hearst-korrespondenter ” in Europe.

Knowing this much background we might guess at once at what George Allison’s job was in the first world war. He worked with the War Office and the Admiralty writing propaganda. After the war he joined both Arsenal and the BBC. For the BBC he was the first person to do commentaries on major sports events such as the Derby, the Grand National, the football international England v Scotland (then an annual match) and, most notably, the 1927 Cup final of Cardiff v Arsenal.

George Allison was the main football commentator of the BBC and it is said that by 1931 the BBC was broadcasting over 100 games per season. This was the era in which the Radio Times ran a picture of the pitch divided into squares with a background voice saying which square the ball was in as play moved around the field. It is also said that this was the origin of the phrase “Back to Square One”.

However the Football League was unhappy with the effect it believed the coverage was having on attendances and so banned the BBC from continuing the activity – and the ban stayed in place until 1945 (although the FA Cup Final continued to be broadcast).

For Arsenal he was first secretary and then managing director. When Herbert Chapman died in January 1934 the club appointed Joe Shaw (see separate article on this site) as temporary manager for the rest of the season before giving the job to George Allison. He won the league (1933-4) and the FA Cup 1935-6), followed by the League 1937-8).

If you know the face and look of George Allison it is probably because you have seen him in The Arsenal Stadium Mystery movie (1939) where unlike most of the rest of the club, he had a proper acting role as himself in the film, and says, part way through the game that is the heart of the story, “It’s one-nil to the Arsenal. That’s the way we like it.”

George Allison retained the services of Joe Shaw (who had led the club to the championship after Chapman’s death) and Tom Whittaker (who followed him as manager). Those two trained the players, while George Allison focussed on transfers and (understandably) the media.

Bernard Joy, who wrote “Forward Arsenal!” and who reprinted Allison’s story about the boycott of Woolwich Arsenal by clubs after Arsenal turned professional, said of George Allison that he was “tactful, friendly and good-hearted” but “lacked the professional’s deep knowledge of the game”.

Bob Wall (Herbert Chapman’s assistant said in his autobiography “Arsenal from the Heart”, “Allison was a complete contrast to Chapman… He never claimed to possess a deep theoretical knowledge of the game but he listened closely to what people like Tom Whittaker and Alex James had to say. Like Chapman before him, Allison always insisted that, no matter how good a prospective signing might be, he would secure him only if his character was beyond reproach.”

This did not stop him making big signings however. In 1938 he bought Bryn Jones from Wolverhampton W for £14,000 – which might not seem too big a deal, but it was a world record, and led to a debate in the House of Commons in which the club and its manager were roundly criticised.

Quite what happened to Allison in the second world war I am not sure – it is said he was instrumental in running the club during that time as we participated in the war time regional league, but George Allison returned for the 1946-7 season, in which we came a disappointing 13th, going out of the FA Cup in the third round to Chelsea.

After this single post-war season George Allison retired, and he died ten years later on 13 March 1957.

There’s a video of George Allison talking here and there’s a picture of him in the National Portrait Gallery

I do hope you might have more to add to this story. I’m going to have a look at the results during his time as manager – but all information is welcome.

12 comments to Why do a series on George Allison?

Tony,
Only crumblies like me can claim to have been nurtured on Arsenal FC by the George Allison era he of the very cultured voice. One memory I have bears out his policy that players should be beyond reproach in all respects. One prospective signing was abandoned by him “because of his unfortunate table manners”. The cereal firm Quaker Oats produced a book on football and Arsenal in the mid 30’s in which Allison wrote some of the text. You could only get the book by sending in coupons from the cereal packets. I remember the year it came out, I ate porridge non-stop (including throughout a very hot summer) until the number of coupons were attained! I wonder if anyone still has a copy.

Nicky this is why I love what happens on this site. For comments like yours. George Allison writing for a porridge company. You don’t find that anywhere else on the internet

Very interesting. Thanks for posting this. I have often wondered why his part in the life of Arsenal is writ so small in official publications. I know that links with Chapman’s family have been maintained down the years. And of course so they should. He remains the most legendary figure in our history, and hugely influential in what matters most – out on the pitch. But Allison played his own role during a period of Arsenal history that evolved from relative obscurity to worldwide fame and glory. Not least he was a great publicist for the club. “Gunner’s mate” and “Voice of Arsenal” seem pure Allison to me. Like or loathe the language and tone of these messages they went a long way to forming Arsenal’s public image, its sense of fair play, its grandness, its prestige. And besides this there were his broadcasts. However hard he strived for impartiality, to many he surely sounded like the voice of Mr Arsenal. And again, laughable as it may seem today, the Arsenal Stadium Mystery in which he featured so prominently did a huge amount to maintain the profile of the club at the end of a decade in which our best football was firmly behind us. To ensure we remained one of the glamorous and great clubs any aspiring young talent would wish to play for. But he seems to have shuffled off with barely a murmur. He was obviously keen on self-publicity as well amd I’m sure a keen sense of his own self-worth naffed off a fair few. You don’t have to read too closely between the lines of Eddie Hapgood’s biography to work out that many of the senior and more influential players had little time for him. And following on from Chapman and Joe Shaw, genuine football men both of them, it’s hardly surprising that he failed to measure up. But he ever professed to have their expertise for tactics or knowledge of the game. He stuck to what he knew and by and large he did that well. I have quite an extensive collection of programmes spanning the past eighty years and very few if any contain tributes to Allison or mentions of any continuing connection with his descendants, if any exist. Being a suspicious type I instinctively start to ruminate on the possibility of power struggles and misdemeanours. But that’s probably too knee jerk of me. I bet Brian Glanville has a theory.

I beleive I have the original press pass of George Allison to the coronation of King george V and Queen Mary on 22nd June 1911 as a reporter for The New York American. Would this be any worth to anyone?

I should think it is worth a small fortune. Before you do anything else could you make a digital copy and email that over to me so that I can put it on this site? If you don’t want to keep it or sell it, I would suggest you might care to donate it to the Arsenal Museum at the Emirates. Or maybe loan it to them. If you do that, perhaps you might mention that I suggested it?

Regarding the Quaker Oats book, there were various offers in it relating to ‘Bastin’s Football Club’ items.
For 4 large Quaker figures and a 1 1/2d stamp, readers could obtain a club shirt badge, which I have in my possession.
I also have thc club medal,complete with old pin.
I don’t have the football bladder though!

When I initially commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox
and now each time a

comment is added I get four e-mails with the same comment.

Is there any way you can remove

people from that service? Tak skal du have!

I’m really sorry about this. We are running standard Word Press software, and so its not something that I have any knowledge about. I’ll try and find out, but for the moment the only thing I can suggest is that you set up an automatic delete for anything that comes from the address that the annoying emails are sent from.

My Name is Billy Allison, when my Father passed away several years ago, I found some old scrap book of his, and in it is a short clipping about ‘George Frederick Allison’, it would seem that he may have been my Father’s Uncle that had left home long before he got to see his nephew.

Over the years, family and none family members have mentioned how I resemble him, I thought it was simply the name that drew their attention.

I’d love to find out more about him and his past/family etc,

Where is George Allison buried?
He died in Golders Green in 1957 only a few miles from where Herbert Chapman died.

Graham, I don’t have a note of that. I have done a little searching on the internet but without luck. I do hope if anyone knows they will write in.


Sheriffs of Reno County: George Allison

Reno County Sheriff George T. Allison. Author’s collection

It’s 1:30 Sunday afternoon, April 11, 1943, in Eureka, California, in St. Bernard’s Cathedral rectory. Georgiann Allison, 19, daughter of George and Charline Allison, Hutchinson, Kansas, is marrying Richard Harmon, 21, son of J. Clair and Florence Harmon, also from Hutchinson.

It’s Sunday afternoon, April 11, 1943, near Langdon, Kansas. Daisy May Sherow Jones folds and unfolds a newspaper clipping from the society page, then returns it to her family bible.

Georgiann Allison, Hutchinson High School 1940 yearbook senior class photo. Steve Harmon collection

As Georgiann dressed for her wedding day, she remembered a high school Homemaking class assignment from her senior year. Miss Marian Brookover, known as “Brookie,” was her teacher. The purpose of the class was to develop homemakers of tomorrow.

Godt, Georgiann thought, tomorrow is today.

For the assignment, Georgiann had made drawings of her completely decorated future home. She even described her future husband and three children. Richard Harmon, who Georgiann was dating, was her first choice for matrimony.

Donald “Richard” Harmon, SK 1/c, Coast Guard, yeoman and storekeeper. Steve Harmon collection

Two years later, in July 1942, Richard enlisted in the U.S. Coast Guard, along with his buddy, Dave Betz. By the spring of 1943, storekeeper (SK) Harmon, and yeoman (YN) Betz, stationed at Samoa, north of Eureka, California, were missing their sweethearts in Hutchinson. They proposed a west coast wedding.

Klik på to learn about the “Sand Pounders”: US Coast Guard Beach Patrol

Charline Frances Graves was born and raised in Hutchinson, Kansas. In 1904, when George Allison came to town to help C. H. McBurney open his new dry goods store, Charline noticed.

George, 24, and Charline, 19, were married May 21, 1907, in a double-ring wedding in the home of her parents.

Charline closed her eyes and heard the piano music that had played during her marriage ceremony, Mendelssohn’s “Wedding March.”

She and George stood under an arbor of green foliage and ferns. Charline’s dress was white Swiss, beautifully trimmed in Mechlin lace. She carried bride’s roses.

C. H. McBurney’s Dry Goods store in Hutchinson, Kansas. Photo by Marion W. Bailey. Author’s collection

As a boy in knee pants and barefoot, George started working for C. H. McBurney’s Dry Goods store in Burlingame, Kansas. Gradually, over the years, George learned the mercantile business. In 1904 he got an offer he couldn’t refuse. McBurney promised him steady work if he would move to Hutchinson with the owner-manager.

Charles McBurney opened “The New Dry Goods Store” in 1905. George Allison became the window trimmer and then the floor manager.

In April 1908, George got another offer. Hostutler & Hipple Clothing and Gents’ Furnishings, lured him away from McBurney’s. The timing couldn’t have been better. Charline gave birth to a baby boy the next month. They named him Burkson Willard.

William Burkson Allison gravestone at Eastside Cemetery, Hutchinson, KS. Author’s collection

In 1909, Charline and George were counting their blessings when tragedy struck. Burkson, fourteen months old, became ill and died after a short illness of spinal meningitis.

A small miracle occurred in 1923 when George was superintendent of the Hutchinson-Wiley Dry Goods Company. It had been fourteen years since their baby Burkson had died. Many people were surprised when George and Charline welcomed a homeless baby into their home.

In December 1923, the Allison’s introduced three-month-old Georgiann to their friends at a baby garment shower. Two months later, on February 8, 1924, they officially adopted her from the Kansas Children’s Home Society.

Reno County Sheriff George T. Allison (seated) with staff (L-R): George Salmon, undersheriff O. W. “Steve” Stapleton, tax collector Frank Kelly, criminal investigator Oscar “Shorty” Shaw, jailer Guy Ankerholz, office deputy. Author’s collection

George Allison took a four-year detour from the clothing business when he successfully ran for Reno County sheriff in 1934, and took office in 1935. He was reelected in 1936 and served until 1939. In his two terms as sheriff there were plenty of arrests yet no escapes from the county jail.

After an unsuccessful campaign running for Reno County commissioner, George opened up George Allison Cleaners.

The day of Georgiann’s wedding, she told her close friend, Velma Owen: “Sometimes, I wonder if my biological mother or father are still alive and if I have siblings. Can you imagine them ever thinking about me?”

“You may never know your birth parents,” said Velma. “Have you asked Charline or George for help?”

Wedding day, April 11, 1943, in Eureka, CA, for Richard Harmon & Georgiann Allison. Steve Harmon collection

As the Eureka, California, wedding ceremony ended, Georgiann shed a tear of happiness. She considered her life, about learning she’d been homeless as a baby, about being wanted and loved by new parents, about a future with Richard, including her expectations of raising three children. This was the life she had dreamed and the one she had planned in her high school Homemaking class. Georgiann still had the notebook to prove it.

It’s Sunday afternoon, April 11, 1943, near Langdon, Kansas. Daisy May Sherow Jones is shaking and crying. She picks up her bible and opens it. She unfolds a newspaper clipping.

As Daisy rereads the article about Georgiann Allison getting married in Eureka, California, Daisy’s grateful. She says: “Thank you god. My baby’s getting married today.”

Klik på to see a WANTED Poster: 1938 WANTED Poster WANTED Earl Young


Allison History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Clan from whom the Allison family descends began among the ancient Dalriadan kingdom of the west coast of Scotland. Their name comes from the name for the son of "Ellis" or Ellis' son. Conversely, the surname could be is derived from "Alice" as in "the son of Alice." It is likely though that the name was derived from "Ellis" rather than the female personal name. [1]

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Early Origins of the Allison family

The surname Allison was first found in the county of Lanarkshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Lannraig) a former county in the central Strathclyde region of Scotland, now divided into the Council Areas of North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire, and the City of Glasgow, where they acquired some time before 1300 the territories of their family seat at Loupe. They were descended from Angus Mor MacDonnell, Lord of the Isles, their Gaelic name was MacAllister, and it is difficult through history to distinguish one name from the other.

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Early History of the Allison family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Allison research. Another 42 words (3 lines of text) covering the years 1296 and 1314 are included under the topic Early Allison History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Allison Spelling Variations

Historical recordings of the name Allison include many spelling variations. They are the result of repeated translations of the name from Gaelic to English and inconsistencies in spelling rules. They include Allison, Alison, Alinson, Allinson, McAllister, MacAllister, Ellison and many more.

Early Notables of the Allison family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Allison Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Allison family to Ireland

Some of the Allison family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Allison migration +

Nogle af de første bosættere af dette efternavn var:

Allison Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
Allison Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Andrew Allison, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1750 [2]
  • Andrew Allison who settled in Philadelphia in 1750 with his two brothers named James and Robert
  • William Allison who settled in Pennsylvania in 1764 and was one of the first to examine political strategy
  • Jean Allison who settled in Salem, Massachusetts in 1775
  • Archibald Allison, who arrived in North Carolina in 1776 [2]
  • . (Flere er tilgængelige i alle vores PDF Extended History -produkter og trykte produkter, når det er muligt.)
Allison Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Edward Duffin Allison, who landed in New York, NY in 1816 [2]
  • John Allison approved the constitution on behalf of Pennsylvania, and Francis Allison, a great classical scholar had a conspicuous role in educating the American mind to the thought of independence
  • Andrew Allison, who arrived in New York in 1830 [2]
  • Elihu Allison, who arrived in Texas in 1835 [2]
  • Andrew Allison, who landed in Mississippi in 1845 [2]
  • . (Flere er tilgængelige i alle vores PDF Extended History -produkter og trykte produkter, når det er muligt.)

Allison migration to Canada +

Nogle af de første bosættere af dette efternavn var:

Allison Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Captain Edward Allison U.E. born in Long Island, New York, USA, United Empire Loyalist who settled in New Brunswick c. 1783 Captain of De Lancey's 3rd Battalion [3]
  • Mr. Joseph Allison U.E., United Empire Loyalist who settled in Adolptus Town [Adolphustown], Ontario c. 1783 [3]
  • Mr. William Allison U.E., United Empire Loyalist who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783 [3]
Allison Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Allison, aged 1 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Washington" departing 9th July 1847 from Liverpool, England the ship arrived on 26th August 1847 but he died on board [4]

Allison migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Tidlige immigranter omfatter:

Allison Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mrs. Isabella Allison, (b. 1804), aged 22, Irish country servant who was convicted in Omagh, County Tyrone, Ireland for 7 years for pick pocketing, transported aboard the "Brothers" on 3rd October 1826, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, listed as having 1 child [5]
  • Ann Allison (alias Miller), Scottish convict from Edinburgh, who was transported aboard the "Amphitrite" on August 21, 1833, settling in New South Wales, Australia[6]
  • Mr. Joseph Allison, Sr., British Convict who was convicted in Cumberland, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Asia" on 20th July 1837, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[7]
  • Mr. Joseph Allison, Jr., British Convict who was convicted in Cumberland, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Asia" on 20th July 1837, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[7]
  • Thomas Allison, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Anson" on September 23, 1843, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia[8]
  • . (Flere er tilgængelige i alle vores PDF Extended History -produkter og trykte produkter, når det er muligt.)

Allison migration to New Zealand +

Emigration til New Zealand fulgte i de europæiske opdagelsesrejsendes fodspor, såsom kaptajn Cook (1769-70): først kom sælere, hvalfangere, missionærer og handlende. I 1838 var det britiske New Zealand Company begyndt at købe jord fra maoristammerne og sælge det til nybyggere, og efter Waitangi -traktaten i 1840 tog mange britiske familier ud på den hårde seks måneders rejse fra Storbritannien til Aotearoa for at starte et nyt liv. Tidlige immigranter omfatter:


Fra vores september 2016 -nummer

Tjek hele indholdsfortegnelsen, og find din næste historie at læse.

Were a Council of Historical Advisers in place today, it could consider precedents for numerous strategic problems. For example: As tensions increase between the U.S. and China in the South and East China Seas, are U.S. commitments to Japan, the Philippines, and other countries as dangerous to peace as the 1839 treaty governing Belgian neutrality, which became the casus belli between Britain and Germany in 1914?

The council might study whether a former president’s handling of another crisis could be applied to a current challenge (what would X have done?). Consider Obama’s decision to strike an imperfect deal to halt or at least delay Iran’s nuclear program, rather than bombing its uranium-enrichment plants, as Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu hoped he might. Obama’s deliberations have significant parallels with Kennedy’s decision during the Cuban missile crisis to strike a deal with Nikita Khrushchev, rather than invading Cuba or learning to live with Soviet missiles off Florida’s coast.

A president might also ask the council “what if?” spørgsmål. What if some action had not been taken, or a different action had been taken? (These questions are too seldom asked after a policy failure.) In this spirit, the next president could ask the council to replay 2013. What if Obama had enforced his “red line” against the Assad regime, rather than working with Russia to remove Syrian chemical weapons? Was this decision, as critics maintain, the biggest error of his presidency? Or was it, as he insists, one of his best calls?

Finally, the council might consider grand strategic questions, including perhaps the biggest one of all: Is the U.S. in decline? Can it surmount the challenges facing it, or will American power steadily erode in the decades ahead?

Both Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump offer answers to these questions. Indeed, Trump proposes to “make America great again,” implying that decline has already occurred, and to put “America first,” reviving a slogan with, to put it mildly, a problematic history. The presidential campaign thus far gives us little confidence that America’s history deficit is about to be closed.

We suggest that the charter for the future Council of Historical Advisers begin with Thucydides’s observation that “the events of future history … will be of the same nature—or nearly so—as the history of the past, so long as men are men.” Although applied historians will never be clairvoyants with unclouded crystal balls, we agree with Winston Churchill: “The longer you can look back, the farther you can look forward.”


Timeline of Allison MacKenzie Law Firm

George Allison joined with Peter Laxalt and Robert Berry in founding the firm that later became known as Laxalt, Berry & Allison.

Paul Laxalt became a member of Laxalt, Berry & Allison until elected United State Senator for Nevada in 1974.

George Allison, Andrew MacKenzie, Melvin Brunetti and Reese Taylor continued the firm under the name Allison, Brunetti, MacKenzie & Taylor, Ltd.

Andrew MacKenzie appointed to State Bar of Nevada Fee Dispute Committee.

James Todd Russell elected President of the First Judicial District Bar Association.

Reese Taylor became Interstate Commerce Commission Chairman.

Melvin Brunetti became a Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals Judge.

Joan C. Wright elected President of the First Judicial District Bar Association.

Andrew MacKenzie appointed to State of Nevada Judicial Selection Commission.

Patrick V. Fagan appointed to the State Bar of Nevada Disciplinary Board.

The firm expanded its offices.

James R. Cavilia appointed Chairman of the Carson City Charter Review Commission.

Andrew MacKenzie appointed to the U.S. District Court Magistrate Selection Panel.

Karen A. Peterson appointed Chairman of the State Bar of Nevada Board of Bar Examiners.

Patrick V. Fagan Appointed Commissioner of the Nevada Minerals Resources Commission.

Karen A. Peterson appointed Judge Pro-Tem, Carson City Justice and Municipal Courts.

Mark Amodei elected to Nevada State Senate.

Christopher MacKenzie appointed to the State Board of Wildlife Commission.

Patrick V. Fagan appointed Chairman of the State Bar of Nevada Fee Dispute Committee.

Patrick V. Fagan appointed Judge Pro-Tem, Douglas County – Tahoe Justice Court.

Christopher MacKenzie elected Chariman of the State Board of Wildlife Commission.

James Todd Russell became District Court Judge for the First Judicial District Court for Carson City and Storey County.

Ryan D. Russell appointed Judge pro-tem, Carson City Justice and Municipal Courts

George Allison received Judge Howard D. McKibben Model of Professionalism Award.

Ryan D. Russell appointed Trustee of the Justice League of Nevada

Ryan D. Russell elected to State Bar of Nevada Board of Governors

Ryan D. Russell re-elected to State Bar of Nevada Board of Governors

Joel W. Locke elected to State Bar of Nevada Family Law Executive Council

Joan C. Wright and Mike Pavlakis recognized for 40 years of service by the Washoe County Bar Association

Joel W. Locke elected to State Bar of Nevada Board of Governors

Attorneys within the firm hold or have held positions on the state judicial selection committees, the state board of bar examiners, the state continuing legal education committee, the state practice and procedure committee, disciplinary committee, local bar administrative and fee dispute committee, and executive counsel of the young lawyers’ section of the state bar.

Members of the firm serve or have served on the Carson City Redevelopment Authority, Historical Architectural Review Committee, the Carson City Airport Advisory Committee, as well as held leadership roles in Saferide, Rotary, Masonic Lodge, Special Olympics, Soroptomist, Carson Water Management Board, Carson City Children’s Museum, Volunteer Attorneys for Rural Nevada and a variety of other charitable and community-involved programs.

Today, with a complement of 15 lawyers, the firm welcomes added challenges and is positioned for growth and continued success. Additionally, Allison MacKenzie, with its registered lobbyists, represents numerous clients before the state legislature and interim committees. The firm’s members are actively involved in professional and other organizations in their community.


From Private John Allison

To His Excellancy Genl Washington Commander in Chief of all the United States of North America &c. & ampc. & ampc.

The Humble Petition of John Alison Soldier in the fifth New York Regt in the late Captain Hutchins Company1—Most Humbly Sheweth:

Whereas your Excellancies Petitioner, having only Inlisted for the Term of three years, and that time being Expired the first day of January last past, and Whereas I made application to the Commanding Officer of the Regt for my Discharge, but Could not Obtain it, though I produced Evidence Sworn in Writing that I was only Inlisted for three Years and no longer which Depositions I Inclose that your Excellancy may see the fairness and Clearness of my Inlistment2—Now Please your Excellancey I implore that you would see me Justice done in this affair, and your Petitioner as in Duty Bound shall Pray.

N.B. As the Commanding Officer of the Regt would give no attention to the Affidavits produced and Sworn, without the Evidences personally appeared—I produced them personally, and yet would not Accept of them.3

John Allison (b. 1754) came from a Haverstraw, N.Y., family that resided on “a large farm” with “much landed estate” ( Morrison, Alison or Allison Family description begins Leonard Allison Morrison. The History of the Alison or Allison Family In Europe and America, A.D. 1135 to 1893 Giving an Account of the Family in Scotland, England, Ireland, Australia, Canada, and the United States. Boston, 1893. description ends , 253–54). He enlisted in April 1777 as a corporal in the 5th New York Regiment, and his service record indicates “war” as the enlistment period. Reduced to private on 22 June 1778, Allison deposed on 29 May 1821 that “he served until 1783, when he was discharged near New Windsor & Newburgh, by his Excellency General Washington” (DNA : RG 15, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, 1800–1900 see also DNA : RG 93, Compiled Service Records of Soldiers who Served in the American Army During the Revolutionary War, 5th New York Regiment).

1. Amos Hutchins (Hutchings), who married Allison’s older sister, Mary, in 1764, served as captain in the 5th New York Regiment from November 1776 until he resigned in May 1778.

2. Allison enclosed a deposition sworn before the justice of the peace for Orange County, N.Y., on 17 Jan.: “thomas Allison Being of full age … Saith that Some time past that the Deponant was present when John aleson the Son of Joseph allison Did Inlist In the Continantal Service as a Solder Under Amos hutchings Cpn hutchings Insisted that alleson should Inlist During the war Allison absolutely Denyed Inlisted any Longer than three Years Nether would he Inlist for anytime or without Hutchings would Give from Under his hand that he Did Not Inlist for no Longer then three Years and further this Deponant Saith that he was presant when hutchings Did Give from Under his hand Unto John allison that he was Inlisted for no Longer than three Years” (DLC:GW ).

3. Who commanded the 5th New York Regiment during spring 1780 is uncertain the unit’s colonel, Lewis Duboys, had resigned in December 1779, and its lieutenant colonel and major—respectively, Jacobus Severyn Bruyn and Samuel Logan—were prisoners of war.


ALLISON Genealogy

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From John Allison

At a meeting of the Officers of the Continental line in October last to appoint officers of the State Society of Cincinnati It was there resolv’d, that no officer not holding a Continental Commission should be entitled to become a member 1—As I saw it in a different light from the Gentlemen that compos’d that Body I beg leave to lay before your Excellency the State & progress, of the Regiment to which I belong’d from its first rise to the close of the War.

April 1st 1776 an order passed the Committee of Safety for raising Nine Companies of Marines for the defence of the State many of these Companys were compleated in less than a Month, & imeadeately enter’d upon Service.2

In the October Session following an addition was made of Six Regiments to the Continental Line, and three Regts of Infantry was likewise order’d to be rais’d for the defence of the State In which three Regts was to be incorporated the Nine Marine Companies, they being found useless aboard small Vessels.3

May 1777 the Assembly finding they were deficient in their Continental Quota—Ordered that a Regiment of the State troops should imeadiately march to join the Continental Army under the Command of Genl Washington 4—Which Regt was chiefly compos’d of the Marine Companies (who readily turn’d out Volunteers) And were put under the Command of Coll George Gibson.

The October Session of 1777 pass’d an act that the Regt of State troops under Colo. George Gibson, then in Continental Service, Should remain in place of the Ninth Virginia Regt Captured at German Town, to be considered as part of their Continental quota And to be entitled to every previlige & emolument of Continental troops from this state, Which Act was coroborated by several others of a Similar Nature.5

In Jany 1779 an application was made to Congress respecting our Regiment, and receiv’d the following proceedings for Answer viz.—6

At a meeting of the Committee appointed by Congress to confer with the Commander in Chief—

Til stede Mr Duane
Mr Laurens In Conference with the
Mr Root Commander in Chief
Mr M. Smith

A letter from Coll George Gibson of one of the State Regiments of Virginia setting forth that he had recd no orders for re-enlisting that said Regiment, & that the time for which the men were enlisted is daily expiring—that very few of the men were enlisted to serve during the War and that they are willing to enlist on the same terms as the troops from the State of Virginia, in Continental Service, was read and the said letter being refer’d to this Committee with power to take such order thereon as they shall Judge proper It is unanimously agreed that the Commander in Chief shall give orders for re-enlisting the men belonging to the said Regiment for the War, allowing them the Contl Bounty, & that if the State of Virginia shall incline to take the Regiments when so re-enlisted into its own imeadiate Service, it shall be at liberty to do so and in that case, the Bounty money to be advanced out of the Continental Treasury together with the Expences of recruiting shall be returned.

It is further agreed that if Colo. Smith & his Regiment rais’d for the service of the State of Virginia shall make a similar application to the Commander in Chief of the Army of these United States,7 the same ⟨mea⟩sures in all respects to be pursued with Regard to that Regiment.

That a Copy of this resolution be deliver’d to the Commander in Chief, & the Original lodged with the Board of War.

Done in Committee of Conference with the Commander in Chief and Sign’d by their order—

A Copy of the above proceedings was transmited to Virginia, whereupon the House of Delegates came to the following Resolution—

In the House of Delegates May 24th 1780

Resolved, that the officers of the first & Second State Regiments, having been employd for several years in the Continental Army, received by Congress as a part of the Quota of this State, and paid by the Continent as such, ought to have enjoyed equal rank privilege & emoluments, from the time of their being ordered to join the American Army, with the Continental Troops of this State.

Resolved, that the Congress by a Resolution dated the thirty first day of Jany 1779 have declaird their Willingness to take the said Regiments into the Continental line, it is expedient that the said Resolution be carried into execution, and that it be further recomended to Congress to give Rank to the Officers of these two state Regiments, having relation to the state of their State Commissions, Provided that such officers shall not be entitl’d to promotion except in the line of the said two regiments.

Resolved, that all disputes relative to rank or command among the officers of the said two Regiments shall be determined by a Board of Officers in like manner & under the same rules as given in the Continental Army.

The Regiment in the Spring of 1780 consisting of 100 men for the War, Rendezvous at Petersburg this number were properly officer’d & sent on to the Southard, where most of them ended their Military carreer in Continental Service some of the Supernumerary Officers were incorporated with some troops then in the State & thrown into a Legion under Lt Colo. Dabney, which Legion existed to the close of the War.8

The proposals for establishing the Society of Cincinnati Says: All Officers of the American Army &c. & ampc. have the right to become parties to this institution—had the Gentlemen that compos’d the meeting of the Virginia line attended to the above circumstance perhaps there might been no necessity of troubling your Excellency on the Subject—Though it was our missfortune throughout the course of the War, to labour under the disadvantage of State Commissions, (owing entirely to our own neglect at our first entering into Contl Service) I believe it is evident we compos’d a part of the American Army as well as those that held Continental Commissions—To your determination we Submit the matter. In behalf of myself & the Officers of the first and Second State Regiments, I am your Excellencys most Obdt Hubl. Servt

John Allison Lt Colo. 1st S. Reg.

John Allison, a merchant in Alexandria and an occasional visitor at Mount Vernon, was major of the 1st Virginia Regiment when it and the 2d Virginia Regiment were transferred to Continental service in 1777, and he was its lieutenant colonel at the time of his retirement in February 1781. No letter in answer to this has been found, but GW may have responded in person.

1. At its initial meetings in October 1783 in Fredericksburg, the Virginia Society of the Cincinnati voted that the matter of “the admission of the Officers of the State Corps . . . should be refered to the decision of the General Meeting” (Edgar E. Hume, Sesquecentennial History and Roster of the Society of the Cincinnati in the State of Virginia, 1783–1933 [Richmond, Va., 1934], 66). The delegates to the general meeting in Philadelphia in May decided that the officers of such state units were eligible for election to the society (see note 33, Winthrop Sargent’s Journal, doc. II in General Meeting of the Society of the Cincinnati, 4–18 May).

2. See the proceedings of the Virginia committee of safety for 29 Mar. and 1 April 1776, printed in Scribner and Tarter, Revolutionary Virginia, description begins William J. Van Schreeven et al., eds. Revolutionary Virginia: The Road to Independence. A Documentary Record . 7 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1973–83. description ends 6:266–68, 295–303.

3. See “An Act for raising six additional battalions of infantry on the continental establishment” and “An Act for making a farther provision for the internal security and defence of this country” (9 Hening description begins William Waller Hening, ed. The Statutes at Large Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia, from the First Session of the Legislature, in the Year 1619 . 13 vols. 1819–23. Reprint. Charlottesville, Va., 1969. description ends 179–84, 192–98).

4 . The journal of the Virginia house of delegates for its May 1777 session has been lost.

5 . Allison is referring to “An Act for speedily recruiting the Virginia Regiments on the continental establishment, and for raising additional troops of Volunteers” (ibid., 337–49). George Gibson (1747–1791) of Cumberland County, Pa., was colonel of the 1st Virginia State Regiment from June 1777 to January 1782. He returned to live in his native Pennsylvania after leaving the army.

6. Colonel Gibson wrote GW on 23 Jan. 1779: “The Assembly of Virginia in their late Act passed for the reinlistment of their Troops [9 Hening description begins William Waller Hening, ed. The Statutes at Large Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia, from the First Session of the Legislature, in the Year 1619 . 13 vols. 1819–23. Genoptryk. Charlottesville, Va., 1969. description ends 565–67] have not taken any notice of the Two State regiments anex’d to the Continental Army.” Gibson went on to point out that “His Excelly the Governor & many Gentn of the House of Assembly told me we were considerd as continental troops from the time we were taken into Continental Pay” (DNA:PCC , item 78). From 1777 on the 1st and 2d Virginia state regiments were in the Continental service, paid by the Congress, but they were not “on continental establishment” as were the regular Virginia regiments in the Continental army. GW gave Gibson’s letter to Congress on 29 Jan., when it was referred to a committee. The committee’s report as given here by Gibson has not been found in DNA:PCC .

7. Gregory Smith was colonel of the 2d Regiment of the Virginia state line from June 1777 until January 1779.

8 . Gov. Benjamin Harrison in January 1782 ordered the formation of the Virginia state legion from the remnants of the 1st state regiment and of other units, and Lt. Col. Charles Dabney of the 1st Regiment was given the command of the legion.


Se videoen: George Allison Ten To One with 12 Inch Version - 1980 Cartridge 12 Inch - DJ APR (December 2021).